考研英语词汇辨析(89)devote 、 spend的区别

投稿:五月天作者:佚名 [我的文集]来源: 时间:2015-05-23 09:56:49 阅读:63

   devote

  spend

  devote 还可以用于表示“把……花在……上面”,其结构是:devote……to……, 相当于spend 的用法,但spend的结构是:

  spend ……on sh. 或spend ……(in) doing sh. 。

  1) He devoted much of his time and effort to the improvement of the device.

  He devoted much of his time and effort to improving the device.

  (他把他的大部分时间和精力花在的改进装置上。)

  2) He spends much of his time and effort on the improvement of the device.

  He spends much of his time and effort (in) improving the device.

  (他把他的大部分时间和精力花在的改进装置上。)

  3) Web publication of course notes allows teachers to spend less class time lecturing and to devote more time to discussion.

  (网络出版的课程笔记可使教师花较少时间用于授课而把更多时间用于讨论。)

  4) The constitution requires the government to devote one-fifth of its spending to education.

  (宪法要求政府把开支的五分之一投放到教育。)