考研英语词汇辨析(128)agree、consent 、endorse 、approve of 、 subscribe to的区别

投稿:五月天作者:佚名 [我的文集]来源: 时间:2015-05-25 18:57:08 阅读:1253

  agree

  consent

  endorse*

  这组词都有“同意”、“赞成”、(赞同)的意思。

  agree “同意”、“赞成”普通用词,指对某事与他人有相同的见解和看法。常见结构是:

  agree to ……(同意);

  agree with ……(赞同);

  agree on/upon ……(在……取得一致意见)。

  1) I thought it was a reasonable proposal, but he didn’t agree (to it).

  (我觉得这是个合理的建议,可是他不同意。)

  2) We cannot agree with the alternations and amendments to the contract.

  (对合同的更改我们不能同意。)

  3) Since we have agreed upon the details, let’s put the program into practice.

  (既然我们在细节问题取得一致意见,咱们就把把计划付诸实施吧。)

  consent “同意”、“赞同”,指带有一定阻力或困难的赞同,而且常有居高临下的允诺之意。常见结构是:

  consent to sh.;

  consent to sb.’s doing sth.

  1) The owner wouldn’t consent to our making any structural changes in the flat while we live in it.

  (在我们居住期间,房主不会同意我们对公寓作任何结构上的变动。)

  2) Mary’s father reluctantly consented to her marrying a foreigner.

  (玛丽的父亲很不情愿地同意她嫁给一个外国人。)

  endorse 也可表示“赞同”、“认可”、“支持”、“拥护”的意思。

  1)Most committee member endorse / agree to the program he set forth at the meeting.

  (大多数委员赞同他在会上提出的方案。)

  2) Google does not endorse or encourage the use of ad code rotation.

  (谷歌不认同或者说不鼓励这种广告代码的使用形式。)

  3) I hope you can prevail on him to endorse the proposal at the meeting.

  (我希望你能说服他在会议支持这个提议。)

  approve of

  subscribe to

  approve of “同意”、“赞同”。approve 作及物动词意为“批准”,作不及物动词接介词of意为“赞同”。

  1) Nowadays, there are many older people who do not approve of young people wearing long hairs.

  (现在有许多老年人不赞成年轻人们留长头发。)

  2) Personally, I entirely approve of the plan. The college has been needing a new library for years.

  (就我个人而言,我完全赞成这个计划。多年来学校早就需要一个新的图书馆了。)

  subscribe to “同意”、“赞同”,指完全同意某一已成定局或大势所趋的事,多指带有某种民众性倾向的赞同意见。

  1) The public opinion poll proves that the voters subscribe to the government’s new policy.

  (民意调查显示选民们赞同政府的新政策。)

  2) Do you subscribe to his optimistic view of the state of the economy?

  (你赞同他对经济状态的乐观看法吗?)

  consent

  approval

  consensus

  consent 和approval 为名词,“同意”、“赞同”。consensus “一致赞同”,相当于unanimous approval。

  1) I can’t conceive of how you managed to get his consent to your leaving the present post.

  (我不能想像你怎么会让他同意你离开目前的职位呢。)

  2) It never occurred to her that her parents would refuse their consent to her studying abroad.

  (她从来没想到她的父母会不会同意她出国留学。)

  3) The manager gave a cautious approval to the idea of the administrative reform in the company.

  (经理谨慎地认可了公司行政改革的思路。)

  4) In the party assembly, his proposal was accepted with unanimous approval.

  (在该党派的聚会上他的建议得到一致的认可。)

  5) There is now a consensus that new tools are requried to regualte the financial sector and prevent such crisis in the future.

  (现在有一种共识:需要有新工具来调整金融业和防止未来再出现这样的危机。)

  6) There can be wide differences of opinion on separate issues within a broad consensus.

  (即使有广泛的共识,在独立的问题上仍会有很大的分歧意见。)