limit、 restrict、 confine的区别

投稿:Mabel作者:佚名 [我的文集]来源: 时间:2015-05-28 09:14:56 阅读:1535

  limit

  restrict

  confine

  这组词都含“限制”的意思。

  limit 多指时间、空间、数量方面的限制。名词limit 后接介词on。

  1) There is pressure on the British Government to limit the number of immigrants permitted to settle in the U. K.

  (有压力要求英国政府限制允许在英国定居的移民人数。)

  2) Some bankers want legislation to be passed to limit the growth of foreign banks in the state of California.

  (一些银行家希望能通过立法来限制外资银行在加利福尼亚发展。)

  3) China has also imposes strict limits on exports to restrain domestic prices.

  (为抑制国内价格,中国对出口商品也实施严格的限制。)

  restrict 指限制行为、活动、事物的范围,其名词是restriction,后接介词on。

  1) The fat woman, who wants to get slim, has to restrict herself to two meals a day.

  (这肥胖女子想要减肥,她不得不限制自己一天吃两顿饭。)

  2) By 1990, many municipalities had begun to restrict the use of automobiles in order to ensure pedestrian safely.

  (到1990年,为了确保行人安全许多市政当局已经开始限制汽车的使用。)

  3) His knowledge got narrower and narrowed and restricted to his own specialty.

  (他的知识变得越来越窄,只限于自己的专业。)

  4) As a general rule, there are currency restrictions on the sums allowed for foreign travel.

  (通常,对到国外旅行允许携带的款额有种种限制。)

  5) Lack of machinery and lack of advanced technology are believed to be two major restrictions on the growth of our company.

  (缺乏机械设备和先进技术被认为是我们公司发展的两大限制。)

  confine 原意是“禁锢”,引申出不可逾越出限定的范围。常用结构是:confine ……to ……。

  1) After his wife’s death, he confined himself to his room, listening to sad music all day long.

  (他的妻子死后,他自己关(禁锢)房间里, 整天听着悲伤的音乐。)

  2) Would you please confine yourself to the topic under discussion?

  (请你把发言限制在正在讨论话题内。好吗?)