career、 occupation、profession、vocation的区别

投稿:Mabel作者:佚名 [我的文集]来源: 时间:2015-05-30 09:04:02 阅读:1288

  career

  occupation

  profession

  vocation

  这组词都含“职业”的意思。

  career 指长期、终身从事的职业或事业生涯(可是一项或多项职业。)

  1) Mr. Smith had an unusual career; he was first an office clerk, then a sailor, and ended up as a school teacher.

  (史密斯先生有一个不寻常的生涯,开始他是一位办公室文员,然后当一名水手,最后成为一所学校的老师。)

  2)In the West, students are not always influenced by their parents in their choice of a career.

  (在西方,学生在选择职业时并不总是受父母的影响。)

  occupation 可泛指职业,也可指一般性的职业。

  1) Much of the salary differential results from the tendency of women to be in lower-paying occupations.

  (出现工资差别的主要原因是妇女倾向于从事第低收入的职业。

  2)The principal occupation of the inhabitants of this small seaside town is fishing and seafood process.

  (这海边小镇居民的主要职业是捕鱼的居钓鱼和海洋食物加工。

  profession 指需要较高学识和专门技能从事的并有一定社会地位的职业。

  1) Not every person is suited to become a nurse. Only very dedicated people have chosen nursing as a profession.

  (并不是每个人都适合成为一名护士的。只有有奉献精神的人才会选择护理作为自己的职业。)

  2) A career in itself requires one’s lifelong devotion, but it does not mean that after you get into a profession you must continue all along.

  (事业本身而言需要一个人毕生的奉献,但是这并不意味你从事一种职业后就必须一直干下去。)

  vocation 主要指尽义务或有责任使命感的职业,也可指技术性职业。

  7) Nursing is a vocation as well as a profession.

  (护理工作既是职业又是一使命种使命责任。

  8) Judge vocation is a special professional vocation which requires high personable morality.

  (法官职业是一种特殊的专业职业, 需要有很高的个人道德。)