normal、abnormal;usual、unusual; formal、informal; regular、 irregular的区别

投稿:Mabel作者:佚名 [我的文集]来源: 时间:2015-05-30 09:09:35 阅读:1182

  normal

  abnormal

  normal “正常的”,指正常的状态、水准。abnormal “的”,normal的反义词,即指不正常的、反常的,不规则的状态。

  1) This heavy traffic is normal for this time of the day.

  (每天这个时间交通都很拥挤拥挤,这很正常。)

  2) That modern science knows how to assist women who are unable to give birth to babies by normal means is one of the miracles of the twentieth century.

  (现代科学知道如何帮助通过正常途径不能生孩子的妇女生育,这是二十世纪的奇迹之一。)

  3) It is all the more surprising that so many parents in the world choose to impose such abnormal conditions on their children.

  (更让人惊讶是世界上竟然有许多家长愿意把这些不正常的条件强加给孩子。)

  4) Now let me to have a check to see if you have any abnormal breath sound.

  (现在让我检查一下,是否听听你有任何异常的呼吸声音。)

  usual

  unusual

  usual “通常的”、“平常的”,指符合自然规律或符合社会风俗和个人习惯。含一贯如此,并不新奇的意思。unusual 是其反义词,“不寻常的”、“异常的”、“罕见的”,有时含独特的、与众不同的意味。

  1) It is usual with him to go to the office on foot.

  (他通常是步行去办公室上班。)

  2) Tea is the usual drink of both the Chinese people and the English people.

  (茶是中国人和英国人的常用饮料。)

  3) Whenever an observant person discovers something unusual, he sets out to study it immediately.

  (每当观察力敏锐的人发现一些不同寻常的事,他总是会马上开始研究这件事。)

  4) The northern lights result from an unusual weather phenomenon that creates bright colors in the night sky.

  (北极光由一种不寻常的天气现象所形成,这种不寻常的天气现象能在夜晚的天空产生明亮的色彩。)

  formal

  informal

  formal ①“正式的”,“规范的”,指合传统习惯、合礼仪的、正式场合用的;或指合法的、经过正式手续的。②“正规的”,指合乎格式的或接受正规教育的。Informal是其反义词。

  1) Have you ever been invited to attend any formal banquets?

  (你曾经被邀请参加过正式的宴会吗?)

  2) Business letters are usually formal, but we writes in an informal way to family members or friends.

  (商业信件通常都是规范的,但给家人或朋友写信则比较随便。)

  3) Born in poverty, he never had any formal education, except what he gave himself, till he was approaching manhood.

  (由于出身贫寒,在成年之前他除了自学外从未接受过正规的教育。)

  4) There will be an informal talk between the two leaders.

  (两国领导人之间将举行一次非正式的会谈。)

  regular

  irregular

  regular “有规律的”、“常规的”,指经常性、日常的、规律的,也可指合乎礼仪或规范的。irregular是其反义词。

  1) I doubt whether your procedure would be considered regular by the agency.

  (我不能肯定该机构是否会认为你的手续合乎规范。)

  2) Regular exercise is one of the best ways to combat daily stress.

  (定时锻炼是缓解日常压力的最好办法。)

  3) The Milky Way will look like a hazy, cloud-like, irregular band across the sky.

  (银河系看起来像一条横在天空的、模糊的、不规则的、云雾状的带子。)