normal、abnormal;usual、unusual; formal、informal; regular、 irregular的区别

投稿:Mabel作者:佚名 [我的文集]来源: 时间:2015-05-30 09:09:35 阅读:1232



  normal “正常的”,指正常的状态、水准。abnormal “的”,normal的反义词,即指不正常的、反常的,不规则的状态。

  1) This heavy traffic is normal for this time of the day.


  2) That modern science knows how to assist women who are unable to give birth to babies by normal means is one of the miracles of the twentieth century.


  3) It is all the more surprising that so many parents in the world choose to impose such abnormal conditions on their children.


  4) Now let me to have a check to see if you have any abnormal breath sound.




  usual “通常的”、“平常的”,指符合自然规律或符合社会风俗和个人习惯。含一贯如此,并不新奇的意思。unusual 是其反义词,“不寻常的”、“异常的”、“罕见的”,有时含独特的、与众不同的意味。

  1) It is usual with him to go to the office on foot.


  2) Tea is the usual drink of both the Chinese people and the English people.


  3) Whenever an observant person discovers something unusual, he sets out to study it immediately.


  4) The northern lights result from an unusual weather phenomenon that creates bright colors in the night sky.




  formal ①“正式的”,“规范的”,指合传统习惯、合礼仪的、正式场合用的;或指合法的、经过正式手续的。②“正规的”,指合乎格式的或接受正规教育的。Informal是其反义词。

  1) Have you ever been invited to attend any formal banquets?


  2) Business letters are usually formal, but we writes in an informal way to family members or friends.


  3) Born in poverty, he never had any formal education, except what he gave himself, till he was approaching manhood.


  4) There will be an informal talk between the two leaders.




  regular “有规律的”、“常规的”,指经常性、日常的、规律的,也可指合乎礼仪或规范的。irregular是其反义词。

  1) I doubt whether your procedure would be considered regular by the agency.


  2) Regular exercise is one of the best ways to combat daily stress.


  3) The Milky Way will look like a hazy, cloud-like, irregular band across the sky.